Autocad Architecture Manual Pdf – PDF Free Download
The Learn page provides tools to help you learn AutoCAD It’s divided into three columns: What’s New, Getting Started Videos, and Tips and Online Resources. These are all great resources for getting up to speed on AutoCAD whether you’re a new user or an AutoCAD veteran. You will start your work from the Create page. Downloads. Troubleshooting. Forums. Welcome to the AutoCAD Architecture support and learning center, where you can find documentation, tutorials, videos, and troubleshooting resources. To view all product offerings, software details, and pricing, visit AutoCAD Architecture overview. Mar 23, · Autodesk AutoCAD Architecture Fundamentals. Published March 23, By Elise Moss. pages. Designed for new users of AutoCAD Architecture Uses a tutorial style that progresses with each chapter. Guides you through building a completed 3 bedroom, 2 bathroom house. Includes quizzes and practice exams.
AutoCAD Architecture Tutorial Ebook (Metric Version) | PDF | Button (Computing) | Auto Cad – Item Preview
I am a new student to Autocad Architect using version and am doing the tutorial apparently the latest available in the Autocad Architect support autodesk autocad architecture 2015 tutorial pdf free download to find my way around.
I am looking for a way to keep the tutorial PDF open жмите сюда readable on the screen while following the tutorial instructions to do operations on the Architect program. Whenever I do any selection or operation on the Architect program the tutorial automatically minimizes and disappears off the screen at first touch in the Architect program. This makes it more difficult to follow lengthy instructions involving a sequence of selections and button clicks because the tutorial has to be redisplayed so often instead of just being there to refer autodesk autocad architecture 2015 tutorial pdf free download constantly.
How can I keep the tutorial displayed while working in the Archirect program? Dual-screen perhaps, if your current screen isn’t wide enough to dock both program autodesk autocad architecture 2015 tutorial pdf free download side by side.
If you are using a PDF tutorial, that узнать больше probably opened in Adobe Reader which is as you know a separate software application. Same as having a Word or Excel application open together with Autocad. Click on the Word document and Autocad will minimize and vise versa. A selection for this file does not show up in the Help dropdown in the Architect program. I have tried installing on two different paths into the Help files and neither works.
Nothing happens with either install. It downloaded fine but when I installed it this program hung up. I tried cancel and a pane showed it to autodesk autocad architecture 2015 tutorial pdf free download running so I let it run overnioght.
This morning it was still there just the same. I canceled and retried with all the same results. Turn on suggestions. Auto-suggest helps you quickly narrow down your search results by suggesting possible matches as you type.
Showing results for. Search instead for. Did you mean:. This page has been translated for your convenience with an automatic translation service. This is not an official translation and may contain errors and inaccurate translations. Autodesk does not warrant, either expressly or implied, the accuracy, reliability or completeness of the information translated by the machine translation service and will not be liable for damages or losses caused by the trust placed in the translation service.
Back to Topic Listing Previous Next. Message 1 of 8. Message 2 of 8. Message 3 of 8. Your IPad? Message 4 of 8. Thankyou for your kind attention and response. I am using a 27″ HP widescreen with узнать больше здесь of room to dock посмотреть больше by side but the Tutorial still minimizes instantly as soon as I click on anything in the Architect program.
You can move the HELP window around the screen and size http://replace.me/14316.txt to anything convenient with the resize handles while working in the Architect program. Glancing back and forth from one to the other autodesk autocad architecture 2015 tutorial pdf free download so much easier for a new comer like me. Message 5 of 8. Message 6 ссылка 8. I don’t own an Ipad. Message 7 of 8.
Thank you so much for helping me. Ссылка when opening the tutorials and training drawings from the help menu they are predicted to stay open just as the regular HELP files do. I am working on this now. Thanks again for your kind assistance. Have a great day. Sincerely, Frank Dorn. Message 8 of 8. Post Reply. Share this discussion:. Can’t find what you’re looking for? Ask the community or share your knowledge.
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Crossing selection select all objects within its borders or which are sectioned by the window contour. The Window Selection selects only those objects which are fully inside in the window. In most cases selection in AutoCAD is a recursive operation, after a selection operation program will initiate new selections until you indicate by pressing ENTER to finish selection operation.
Then the commands run will continue. You can take back from the objects already selected if any kind of selections single, crossing, window is done by pressing SHIFT button. It is one of the novelties that you can see next to Crosshair what you are actually doing. Move, Copy, Rotate, etc. Same with Selection.
You can see that you use either Window selection or Crossing selection. Another novelty is Lasso selection. Lasso selection is a new way to select objects.
You click in a blank area and drag around objects. Release the mouse button when youre done. Anything that crosses the lasso boundary is selected. Typically this mode displays local menus.
To show short-cut menus, enter or return, click the right mouse button. Object Snap Mode can be turned on or off by pressing F3 functional tab, even during a command performing. Setting mode of searched special points can be found in the book exercises. Horizontal is defined as being parallel to the X axis of the UCS and vertical as being parallel to the Y axis. In Ortho Mode, cursor movement is constrained to the horizontal or vertical direction relative to the User Coordinate System.
Operating mode can be turned on or off by pressing F8 functional tab, even during a command performing. Typographical conventions The following special treatment of characters and fonts in the textual content help you to understand the meaning of words or sentences in AutoCAD Italic Command prompts.
Bold Important and highlighted parts of the text. Tips, notes, and cautions given in the book help you identify and remember important concepts, commands, procedures, and tricks used by professionals that would otherwise be discovered only after much experience.
Save Although during exercises you are always warned to save your drawing, it is recommended you to do it very often in your work. In case of bigger drawing using the Automatic save can take for a few seconds which inhibits the work. Although the color of the objects was set to dark background, if somebody would like to change the color of the drawing window background, he can do it in the following place.
Click on the Customize icon next to the Command line and then the Options from the flyout in order to open the panel. On displaying Options panel, go to the Display tab and by clicking on the Colors button open the Drawing Window Colors panel. You can see here in the first field which Context is active.
In the second field you can choose the Interface element that you would like to change. If there is not, click on the menu item, and then try to dock the palette on the left or right side of the screen. Three tools will be used. One of these can be found in the upper left corner of the drawing area, called Viewport Controls, and consists of three labels. Click – minus to display options, changing the viewport configuration, or controlling the display of navigation tools. Click TOP to choose between several standard and custom views.
Click 2D Wireframe to choose one of several visual styles. Most of the other visual styles are used for 3D visualization.
The second tool is the ViewCube situated in the upper right corner of the drawing area. The ViewCube is a 3D navigation tool and appears when the 3D graphics system is enabled and allows you to switch between standard and isometric views.
The third is the Navigation Bar; basically it is situated vertically under the ViewCube. From here other navigation tools can be reached, like the Pan, the Zoom tools and the Orbit tools.
If there is not, it can be displayed already described in the ViewCube. Pay attention that in the displaying dialog box only in figure shown toggles are turned on. Pay attention to the Allow general object snap settings to act upon wall justification line toggle is turned off.
Press OK to close the dialog box. Later on you will continuously need the function to find special points of the editorial work. However, there will be editing steps, when now set automatically grip Object Snap Mode interferes your work.
As a typical case, when an objects start point, insertion point, etc does not go to the specified place, because the automatic ENDpoint, INTersection or PERpendicular “pulls on” the point or the object. In this case, the simplest, if using F3 function key the object snap mode is temporarily turned off, and then when it is needed again, it is also switched back by pressing the F3. Then the necessary object snap can be chosen from a list.
In this case, all others will be turned off for only specifying one point and only just selected one will be active. After clicking, original status will be restored at once. This works even when the OSNAP is off, but temporarily you want to use the object snap while specifying a point. In the following operation mode will be turned to fully utilization. In this case you click on the Customization Icon right bottom corner of the program on the Application Status Bar and switch on the Dynamic Input switch in the appearing list.
Ensure that in the displayed dialog box toggles shown in figure are turned on. Press OK and exit the panel. Pay attention that the DYN F12 toggle is turned on. For good operation of ACA is important to set parameter value of both Source content units, and Target drawing units to Millimeters on the Options panel User Preferences tab, in the Insertion scale field. Without this setting the Xref drawings coming from Project Navigator with Drag and Drop techniques will be displayed in incorrect size and unit.
Do not close the Options panel, the next settings will be made here as well. Horvath AutoCAD Architecture My First Project Metric version 27 Section 7 – Right-Click Customization In order to see the same result whenever you do these exercises, it is necessary to customize the operation of the right button of the mouse. Stay on the User Preferences tab, open the Right-Click Customization panel and make the necessary settings according to the figure.
Turn on the Turn on time-sensitive right-click toggle in the end, because the Default Mode and the Command Mode will become inactive. It means that using the right mouse button not a menu will drop up but in command mode the first click is equivalent to pressing Enter. With these settings it is suitable and more comfortable to use the right mouse button instead of ENTER; so you neednt release the mouse during your work.
NOTE: The Shortcut menu has different names, like flyout, pop-up menu and drop-up menu used in this book. In new version these tabs were hidden, replacing them one icon displays down on the application status bar, with them their displays are controlled. The old method is more expressive, so now turn back the old mode. As from the version you can switch on and off the Layout and the Model Tabs as follows: 1.
Change the Ribbon to View tab. Find the Layout Tabs switch on the Window panel and switch it on. The Layout tabs will be displayed traditional way at the bottom of the editing window. If you want to use the new method again, go to the previous place and switch it off. From the version these status change toggles because of space saving – can be displayed in icon forms, as well. As from the version the toggles are moved to the right side of the application, and they cannot be set to text format any longer.
Not all toggles can be seen at the starting point. If you want to set the visibility of the toggles, you click on the Customization icon at the bottom right corner, and you can set it in the appearing list. Each open file is displayed as a tab on the top of your AutoCAD window.
Select to make them active. You can control the displays of the Drawing Tabs if you go to the View ribbon tab and then you will see the Windows panel and control for File Tabs, you can turn them off and on any time. To customize the search features on the left of the Command Line, you simply select the wrench icon and choose Input Search Options. Once this is checked, type in any part of styling on the Command Line, this place list of all the styles that contain that word.
Click the Rectangle tool in the Draw panel, and then click two oppo- Certification Objective site corner points on the canvas. Unlike the LINE command, this command automatically terminates when the rectangle is drawn. Press Enter to repeat the last command. Click the irst corner point in the document window. You will again take the default option in this prompt, which is to specify the other corner point. Click the other corner point, and the rectangle is drawn.
In addition, the command is automatically terminated. Type F, and press Enter to execute the Fillet option. Type 2 or 5 for metric , and press Enter. Click two points to draw the rectangle. Draw another rectangle, and observe that it also has rounded cor- ners.
Some options such as the illet radius are sticky; they stay the same until you change them. Zero out the Fillet option by pressing the spacebar, typing F, pressing Enter, typing 0, and pressing Enter again. Click two points to draw a sharp-edged rectangle. The next time you launch AutoCAD, the Drawing Recovery Manager will automatically appear, allowing you to recover drawings that were open and possibly corrupted when the program unexpectedly came to a halt.
Type L, and press Enter. Click two points on the canvas, and then press the Esc key; the LINE command is terminated but the single segment you just created remains. The Esc key will get you out of any running command or dialog box. Type E, and press the spacebar.
Click the line created in step 1, and Certification Objective then right-click; the segment is erased. Click the Line tool in the Draw panel, click four points on the canvas making three segments , and then right-click to inish the LINE command. Click each of the segments, one at a time. Click the Undo arrow on the Quick Access toolbar. The lines you deleted in step 4 reappear.
Click the Redo button, and the lines disappear again. Press the Delete key to erase the selected objects. Select Erase from the menu to it is a very forgiving undo the previous step. You can draw objects in Euclidean space using the following coordinate systems: Cartesian, polar, cylindrical, and spherical. Cartesian coordinates are useful for drawing rectangles with speciic length and width measurements.
Polar coordinates are used most often for drawing lines with speciic lengths and angles, with respect to horizontal. Once you learn coordinate system syntax, you can use the systems interchangeably to draw accurately in any context.
In the Cartesian system, every point is deined by three values, expressed in terms of distances along the x-, y-, and z-axes. In two-dimensional drawings, the z-coordinate value of all objects is 0, so objects are expressed solely in terms of x- and y-coordinates see Figure 2. Click the Line tool on the Draw panel. The origin point of Euclidean space has coordinates 0 in x and 0 in y, which is written as 0,0. Right-click to inish the LINE command. Certification 1. Click an arbitrary point in the Objective middle of the living room.
Right-click in the drawing canvas, and hold for longer than mil- tively speaking. Select the irst coordinate value from the Recent Input menu see Figure 2. A rubber band connects the right end of the horizontal line to the cursor. Click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel, and then click an arbi- trary point at the bottom of the living room.
The same rect- It is very efficient to angle that you more laboriously drew with lines is already done. Use Coordinate Systems 27 Exercise 2. In polar coordinates, points are located using two measurements: the distance from the origin point and the angle from zero degrees see Figure 2.
East is the default direction of zero degrees. These defaults 1. Press L, and then press the spacebar. The line is drawn to the left from the irst point because degrees is the same direction as angle zero but leads in the opposite direction.
Negative angles are measured clockwise from angle zero by default. UCS stands for user coordinate system. Type on, and press Enter. An icon indicating the directions of the positive x- and y-axes is displayed in the lower-left corner of the canvas see Figure 2.
FIGuR E 2. Type UCS, and press Enter. Type Z, and press Enter. Type 90, and press Enter to rotate the coordinate system. Observe that the UCS icon has changed to relect the new orientation see Figure 2. The house is reoriented with respect to the current UCS see Figure 2.
The new line has a dif- ferent orientation with respect to the original line you drew in step 1 see Figure 2. To restore the current coordinate system to its original state, called the world coordinate system WCS , type UCS and press Enter twice. The plan is oriented to the WCS as it was initially. Both lines were drawn at a degree angle but in different coordinate systems. Observe that north is up again in the ViewCube. Draw Circles, Arcs, and Polygons Arcs are sections of circles. Polygons are regular igures made of straight seg- ments such as a triangle, square, pentagon, or hexagon.
A polygon with a large number of segments may look like a circle but is fundamentally different. There are many options for creating circles, arcs, and polygons. AutoCAD pro- vides these options to make it easier to create accurate shapes based on all the types of geometric situations that typically arise in drawings.
Zoom into the stove in the kitchen. Two of the burner circles are missing, and you will draw them. On the Home tab, take a look at the Layer drop-down menu in the Layers panel, and observe that Furniture is the current layer because you see its name without having to open the drop-down.
Open the Layer drop-down menu, and select Equipment as the current layer see Figure 2. You will use preexisting points as guides in drawing the burners. Expand the Utilities panel on the Home on whichever layer is tab and select Point Style. In the Point Style dialog box, select the X current. Think of layers icon and click OK see Figure 2.
Click the Circle tool on the Draw panel. Before you click a center Objective point, hold down Shift and right-click to open the Object Snap con- text menu. Select Node from the context menu Figure 2. Always use object snaps to connect objects precisely. Right-click to repeat the last command. Never type m, [3P 2P Ttr tan tan radius ]: cm, or mm to repre- sent metric units.
Object snaps listed in Select Node, and then click point B shown in Figure 2. Hold Shift again, right-click, and choose Node. Click point C shown be selected each time they are used. You will in Figure 2. Click the arrow under the Circle tool in the Draw panel, and select running object snaps in Chapter 3. Click the circle you drew in the previous step.
Hold Shift, right-click again, and type G. Notice that this letter is underlined in the word Tangent in the context menu refer to Figure 2. Click the circle on the bottom left. You can type the irst three letters of any object snap as an alternative to using the context menu. AutoCAD draws a circle precisely tangent to the three others see Figure 2.
Erase all three point objects and the last circle you drew to leave the four burners of the stove. In the next set of steps, you will use one such arc option to draw a door swing. Pan and Zoom into the bathroom by dragging and rotating the mouse wheel. Select Doors from the Layer drop-down menu in the Layers panel. Certification 3. Select Center, Start, End. This is the sequence in which information must be entered. Hold Shift and right-click.
Select Endpoint from the context menu, and click the start point B shown in Figure 2. The arc appears, and the command is completed. You can draw these shapes inside or outside a circle, or specify the edge length, as shown in the following steps. Make the Furniture layer current by selecting it from the Layer drop-down menu in the Layers panel.
Zoom into the living room. Type 4, and press Enter to draw a square. Press Enter to repeat the last command, type 6, and press Enter to draw a hexagon. Click a point in the living room where you want to center the hexagon. Press Enter to accept the default Inscribed In Circle option. Fillet cre- ates arcs and Chamfer creates lines. Use Fillet and Chamfer 37 2. Press the down-arrow key three more times, and press Enter to select the Distance option in the Dynamic Input display see Figure 2.
FIGuRE 2. Click the second line to perform the chamfer and complete the command. The cham- fer is shown in the middle of Figure 2. This option should be selected by default. Click the irst line, and then position the cursor over the second line; the illet preview shows on screen.
Click the second line to commit to that particular radius. A illet is shown at the right of Figure 2. In the case of crossing lines, you must select the lines on the portions that you want to keep, as shown in these steps. Type F, and press Enter. Press the down-arrow key to access the Dynamic Input display, and select Radius. Type 0, and press Enter. Now Fillet will not create an arc at all. Click the points A and B, as shown in Figure 2. The lines are joined at their endpoints, and the remaining portions of the lines beyond their intersection point are trimmed away.
You have filleted and chamfered sets of lines, used absolute and relative coordinate systems, and created objects using specific measurements. In addition, you know how to cancel, erase, and undo and how to correct your mistakes. Drawing aids are essential modes and methods of entering data that, once mastered, allow you to create measured drawings with ease. I highly recommend learning all of the drawing aids, because they will make you a more productive draftsper- son.
Most drawing aids can be toggled on or off from the application status bar. Additional settings and dialog boxes are accessible by right-clicking the individual status-bar toggles.
Snap constrains your ability to draw objects so that they automatically start and end precisely at grid intersections. Grid and Snap are most help- ful when used together so that you can draw objects that snap to the grid. Figure 3. Choose the acad. Open the Customization menu on the extreme right of the status bar and select Units and LineWeight.
Click in the drawing window to close the Customization menu. Change Units to Architectural if you are using Imperial units; leave Decimal selected if you are using metric units. Click OK.
Right-click ally equal to or an to end the LINE command. Open the Default drop-down list, Zoom or pan as neces- sary as you are working select 0. Type L, and press Enter twice to continue drawing from the last with layers in point. Toggle Grid off in the status bar. Commands that operate while another command is running are called transparent commands. Typing an apostrophe before a command forces it to be run transparently.
For example, while drawing a line type ‘Z and press Enter. Polar Tracking is more lexible than Ortho mode, with the ability to constrain lines to increments of a set angle. Begin by opening the ile Ex Type L, position the cursor over the right endpoint of the horizontal line, and click to establish the irst point of a new line. Toggle off Snap mode by pressing the F9 key. Toggle on Ortho mode by clicking the Ortho toggle in the status bar or by pressing the F8 key.
Ortho mode constrains the line vertically and typing in an explicit value obviates the need for Snap. Toggle off Ortho mode by clicking its status bar button. Toggle on Certification Objective Polar Tracking by clicking the adjacent button on the right. The dash is a necessary 6. Move the cursor around, and observe that green dashed lines appear separator between in eight locations around a circle in 45 increments.
Move the cursor whole and fractional inches. Ortho and Polar Tracking save you from having to type in angles or coordinate values explicitly, or to even think about coordinate systems.
Instead of being tied to a spatial grid as with Snap , PolarSnap is based on relative polar coordinates. Exercise 3. Toggle on Snap by clicking its icon on the status bar. Right-click the same button, and choose Snap Settings from the context menu.
Certification 2. Use polarSnap 47 3. Right-click to end the LINE command. Press the spacebar to repeat the LINE command. Type 0,0 or , for metric and press Enter to input the irst endpoint of the new line. Toggle off Snap mode by clicking its icon on the status bar, thus dis- abling PolarSnap.
Move the cursor horizontally to the right until it overshoots the last line drawn in step 5. Click to draw the line without worrying about its length see Figure 3. Right-click to complete the command. Type F for Fillet , and press Enter. Verify that Radius is set to 0 in the Command window, and then click the vertical and horizontal lines on the portions of the lines that you want to keep marked A and B in Figure 3.
Select Running object Snaps The lines you have drawn thus far are all precisely connected because they were chained together as they were drawn or their coordinates were known. Aside from these special circumstances, lines must be connected using object snaps to ensure accuracy. Begin by open- ing the ile Ex Press Z and then Enter.
Click two points to deine a tightly cropped zoom window around point A. Zoom in again if necessary until you can see that the endpoint of the line you just drew is not on the hori- zontal line see Figure 3.
No matter how carefully you clicked point A in the previous step, the line you drew will not be on the edge it will either fall short of it or overshoot it. Click Zoom Previous again if necessary to return to the original view. Click the line drawn in step 3, and press the Delete key. Toggle on Object Snap on the status bar. Right-click the same Certification Objective icon, and choose Object Snap Settings from the context menu.
Toggle off Polar Tracking on the status bar. Move the cursor close to point A in Figure 3. When it does, click to snap You can toggle on one the irst point of your line precisely to this point. Move the cursor down to point B, and wait until the green perpendic- the actual geometric ular marker appears. When it does, click the drawing canvas to select perpendicular; as long the second point of the line. This line as the perpendicular is connected precisely at both ends because Object Snap was used.
Zoom into point A or B in Figure 3. Click Zoom Extents in the Navigation bar to exactly. Hold down Shift, right-click to open the Object Snap context menu, and choose Nearest. Object snaps invoked from the context menu override any running object snaps. Click point A, shown in Figure 3. Nearest ensures that the new line is attached somewhere along the edge of the horizontal line. Move the cursor close to point B, as shown in Figure 3.
Choosing None in the Snap context menu Harness the From Snap overrides any running snaps with no snap. Rather than snapping to an existing geometrical feature such as an endpoint, midpoint, intersection, and so on , how do you snap a set distance and direction from one?
Answer: Use the From snap, as shown in the following exercise. Type L and press Enter. Hold Shift and right-click to open the Object Snap context menu. Select From in the context menu. Click point A shown in Figure 3. This is the point from which you will specify a displacement. Move the cursor to point B, and wait for the running perpendicular snap marker to appear.
When it does, click to specify the second point of the line. Select the line you just drew, and press the Delete key. Apply object Snap tracking Object snap tracking is for situations where you want to snap to a point that has a geometric relationship with two or more snap points.
Toggle on Object Snap Tracking by clicking its icon on the status bar. Certification Objective Verify that Ortho mode is on. Move the cursor over point A in Figure 3. When the running mid- point snap marker appears, move the cursor horizontally to the right to establish the irst tracking line. Do not click yet. Move the cursor over point B in Figure 3. Move the cursor down vertically to estab- lish the second tracking line. Again, do not click yet. Move the cursor down until both tracking lines intersect.
When they do, click point C to set the center point of the circle. Click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. Move the cursor over the endpoint marked A in Figure 3. Move the cursor to point B in Figure 3. Move the cursor horizontally back to the intersection with the irst tracking line, and click to establish the irst corner of the rectangle point C. The rectangle and drawing is complete see Figure 3. Most of your time will be spent editing entities. In complex drawings you have to plan how you will select only those entities you want to edit while leaving all other entities unaffected.
You will learn a number of techniques for adding and removing entities from the selection set, which is the collection of entities your chosen editing command acts upon. To edit objects, you must irst select them. In complex drawings, selecting would be tedious if you had to click one object at a time.
In the following exercise, you will learn several eficient selection methods that you can use at any Select objects: prompt, which appears in every editing command. Zoom into Stair A in the building core. The prompt in the Command window reads as follows: ERASE Select objects: This is the same way almost every command begins—with the opportunity to create a selection set. Click point A and then B, as shown in Figure 4.
Observe that a trans- Objective parent implied window appears between these points. The objects that are selected are only those completely contained within the borders of the blue window. This particular selection includes the stair arrows, handrails, and three lines representing stair treads near the break lines. Create Selection Sets 59 A You can draw implied windows either by clicking two opposite corner points, or by clicking the first corner point and then drag- B ging to the opposite corner and releasing F I G u R E 4.
Type R for Remove , and press Enter. When you click Certification Objective the irst point on the right A and move the cursor to the left at B , a transparent green crossing window appears between the points. Whatever the green window crosses is selected. The crossing selec- tion removes the handrail and two of the stair treads because the selection was made at the Remove objects: prompt.
Click point A and then point B, as shown in Figure 4. This implied window selects the short line segment trapped in the break line and removes it from the selection set. Type A for Add , and press Enter. Click both of the break lines to add them to the selection set.
All of Objective the break line segments are selected in two clicks because the break lines are polylines. Hold Shift, and click the break lines again.
They are removed from the selection set without being at the Remove objects: prompt. Exercise 4. Additional dynamic input prompts are available on screen when you select objects irst. Create Selection Sets 61 Begin by opening the ile Ex Click point A, as shown in Figure 4.
Press the down-arrow key to expand the dynamic input menu on screen. Select WPolygon. Click points B through H, as shown in Figure 4. Only those objects completely polygonal crossing contained within the borders of the blue window will be selected. Press Enter to make the selection. Square blue dots appear on the selected objects—these are called grips, and you will learn to use them later in this chapter. Press Esc to deselect. Toggle on Ortho mode in the status bar.
Without being concerned with measurements or accuracy, draw a line under the word Stair, a circle around the letter A, and a rectangle around the entire section, in that order see Figure 4.
Select the circle and the line and press Enter. The grips for the circle and line appear; press Esc to deselect. Click the Erase icon on the Modify panel. At the Select objects: prompt, type P for Previous and press Enter.
The circle and line are selected because they comprise the set of objects that was selected previously. Press Enter again to delete these objects. Type L for Last , and press Enter. The rectangle is selected because it was the You can select the entire draw- last object you created. There can only be one last object.
Press Enter ing by typing all again to delete the rectangle. Click the dot at the end of the stair direction line shown in Figure 4. This dot is at the conluence of the horizontal stair direction line and the vertical tread line. When Selection Cycling is on, you are presented with the Selection dialog box whenever your selection is ambiguous.
Hover the cursor over the items in the list and each one is highlighted in blue on the drawing canvas. Select the line in the list that highlights the stair direction line as shown in Figure 4. Create Selection Sets 63 Click this dot. Select one of the vertical tread lines in Stair A by clicking on it.
Right-click, and choose Select Similar from the context menu that appears. All lines on the same layer are selected; you might have to zoom out to see both stairs see Figure 4. Other object types on the same layer remain unselected because they were not similar enough. Press Esc. Here you can choose criteria to determine which object properties must match in order to be selected by this useful com- mand: Color, Layer, Linetype, Linetype Scale, Lineweight, Plot Style, Object Style, or Name.
Pan to the upper-right quadrant of the building, and zoom into the furniture grouping that needs to be illed in. Click the chair that is not in front of a desk to select it. Position the cursor over the selected chair, but not over its grip. Drag the chair while holding down the left mouse button to move it closer to the upper desk, as shown in Figure 4.
To position the chair more precisely, click the Move tool in the Modify panel. Select the chair you just moved in the previous step and press Enter. Right-click the Object Snap toggle in the status bar, and choose Midpoint Certification Objective from the context menu if it is not already selected. Click the base point at the midpoint of the front of the chair point A in Figure 4. Click the second point B in Figure 4.
The chair is moved precisely to the midpoint of the desk edge. Press the spacebar to repeat MOVE. Type P, and press Enter twice to Certification Objective select the same chair again. Type D, and press Enter once more to choose the Displacement option. In Displacement mode, the irst point is the origin point. Any coordinates you enter are relative to the origin, so typing the symbol is unnecessary.
Click the Copy tool in the Modify panel. Select the chair you just moved and press Enter twice. Select the midpoint of the desk point B in Figure 4. Press the spacebar to repeat the previous command, select both desks Certification Objective and chairs with crossing windows but not the low partition between them , and press Enter. Select point A in Figure 4. Type A and press Enter. Type 3, press Enter, and then click point B in Figure 4.
Pan over to the Conference room. Select the Object option by clicking Object on the command prompt. You must include the Select the inner left wall line and watch as the crosshair cursor original object in the count of items.
Toggle on Ortho on the status bar if it is not already on. Type CO for Copy , and press Enter. Select the chair that is against the left wall of the Conference room and press Enter. Click an arbitrary base point by clicking in the empty space of the Conference room. Move the cursor down along the direction of the wall and click the Array option.
The command prompt reads as follows: Enter number of items to array: Type 5, and press Enter. Move the cursor downward, and observe that ive ghosted chairs appear.
When the spacing looks right see Figure 4. The crosshair cursor returns to its default orientation. Numerically speaking, you typically rotate by degrees or scale by percentages about base points.
On the other hand, you can avoid using numbers entirely by choosing the Reference options, which let you rotate or scale selection sets in relation to other objects. Navigate to Reception at the bottom of the loor plan. Click the Rotate button in the Modify panel, select the upper lounge chair, and press Enter. Toggle off Ortho and Polar Tracking if it is on in the status bar.
Move the cursor around the point, and observe that a rubber-band line connects the base point to your cursor and a ghosted image of the chair is superimposed over the original chair representation. Move the cursor until the rubber band aligns more or less perpen- dicularly to the wall behind the chair see Figure 4. Click the chair that you just rotated to select it without issuing an explicit command.
Hold the Ctrl key, and repeatedly press the arrow keys to nudge the selected object a few pixels at a time. Nudge the chair so that it is a similar distance from the wall and the round table as compared to the other armchair in Reception. Press Esc to deselect all. Zoom out and focus on the upper-left quadrant of the building. Select the furniture group shown in Figure 4.
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